Nutrition Series: Pre-Diabetes/Diabetes

This concludes our short series of posts with helpful nutrition tips and videos. Thank you to our nutrition students at JMU for these great resources!

It is important to be aware of your current status of pre-diabetes and diabetes and know that some medications could increase blood sugar.

Diabetes happens when the body can’t bring sugar into the cell from the blood. Blood sugar is carried in the blood to cells throughout the body. A hormone called insulin helps bring the sugar into the cells. Once in the cells, sugar is used to make energy.

The video shows a comparison of a person without high blood sugar (the yogurt) to a person with high blood sugar (peanut butter). The yogurt shows how easily regular blood flows and the peanut butter shows how blood can become sticky and thick because of increased blood sugar. When blood is thicker the heart and blood vessels have to work harder, which can lead to heart and kidney problems.

  •   Risk factors: family history, overweight, lack of physical activity, over the age of 45, African American, Hispanic/Latino, and Pacific Islander.
  •   Symptoms include but are not limited to:
  •   Having to pee often
  •   Very thirsty
  •   Very hungry
  •   Blurry vision
  •   Slow healing cuts or bruises

https://aidsinfo.nih.gov/education-materials/fact-sheets/22/59/hiv-and-diabetes

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